From the Mount Aragats to the biblical Mount Ararat, Armenia is so much about highlands, where the mountains make nearly the 70 % of the country’s territory.
1500 meters above the sea level
With exceptional mountainous and rocky terroir, highest wine growing elevations, diverse microclimates and rich, volcanic soils, Armenia boasts regions most bountiful for grape-growing.
The average altitude of vineyards is 1500 meters above sea level․
Some regions can have incredibly hot, sunny summers while others offer noticeably more humid climates.
This, combined with all the soil types scattered all over the country, be it semi-desert, brown, light brown or even leached and carbonaceous, gives winemakers a wide range of opportunities to craft the most iconic wines.
The craft of winemaking has been ever-present in Armenian history. The world's oldest winemaking facility Arei 1 cave was unveiled in Vayots Dzor Region.
With altitudes of 1000-1800m above sea level, the region stands out with a unique climate of mild winters and sunny days which reflects beautifully on the final viticultural product.
Located in the Ararat plain dominated by the biblical Mount Ararat from the south and Mount Aragats from the north, Armavir Region is another historic landmark where dazzling array of wines can be tasted.
In fact, it is the largest viticultural region of Armenia and the main source of Armenian brandy and white wine production. The 900-1100m above sea level region is plentiful with sunlight which reflects potently on the resulting wines.
In the northwestern part of Armenia Region of Aragatsotn has garnered its reputation for its quality-led boutique family wineries and picture-postcard, high elevation vineyards.
Due to the wide range of altitudes of the region (1100-1400m above sea level), Aragatsotn has a very diverse climate, which combined with the soil of mostly volcanic origin, rich with limestone, ensures all conditions for quality winemaking.
Ararat Region with altitudes of 800-1000m above sea level is the second largest viticultural region in Armenian where four-thousand-year-old traces of ancient Armenian winery can be found.
With its typical sunniest weather and semi desert soil type the region is idyllic for the cultivation of some Armenian autochthon and native grape varieties that yield character wines.
The small yet lavish Region of Tavush, with rolling hills dotted with vineyards and blooming orchards, has on average lower altitudes of 400-1000m above sea level.
It offers its booming, serene nature and the humid climate that blesses the grape growers with the opportunity to cultivate some of Armenia’s rare and delicate white varieties.
The heart and soul of the Armenian Republic - the capital city Yerevan is home to the ancient cultural monument Erebuni, where age-old wine storage halls were found.Those were once the great halls that were then turned into karas (Armenian clay amphorae) halls. The capital houses some leading companies of the Armenian wine industry.